Fact Sheets: Good Practice in Road Safety
These fact sheets describe research findings on effective practice in road safety initiatives for young people. Road safety practitioners, community groups, funding bodies, and schools around New Zealand can use these on conjunction with the Guidelines for Assessing Road Safety Education for Young People to review their practices.
Detailed evaluations are available from injury prevention initiatives internationally and there is now a reasonable body of evidence about what works and what doesn’t. Some of the key findings are summarised in these fact sheets.
The fact sheets are adapted for New Zealand from a series published in Victoria, Australia, with kind permission of the Victorian Road Safety Education Reference Group (see Research – Road Safety Education Victoria).
The risk of crash involvement among young and novice drivers is due to factors that may include inexperience, especially in complex driving situations; motivational factors; the effect of peers; and broader lifestyle factors across the young driver population. This fact sheet covers:
- Road safety intervention approaches that do work.
- Road safety intervention approaches that do not work.
- Content of road safety programmes targeting young road users and their parents.
- Road safety programmes for young offenders.
In order to be effective, research shows that community road safety groups should ensure that road safety programmes and campaigns are delivered in the following ways:
- Programmes include multiple actions integrated into an overall plan and delivered over time.
- Only evidence-based programmes are implemented and supported.
- Programmes aim to enhance and encourage a safer culture in the local community.
- Programmes engage directly with young people, their parents, whānau and community groups or settings important in young people’s lives.
Secondary schools can play an important role in improving road safety actions taken by their students. Effective road safety education:
- happens over time and is developmentally appropriate,
- embeds content in the New Zealand Curriculum,
- involves a whole-school approach ensuring that appropriate traffic safety policies and teacher support is in place,
- is based on best evidence about effective teaching and learning,
- fosters school connectedness – the extent to which students feel accepted and included in the school community,
- is monitored and evaluated.
This is a summary of the research evidence around a range of approaches that are not effective in changing the behaviour of young road users. These include:
- Fear tactics
- One-off events or forums
- Driver simulation
- Track-based and advanced driver skills training
- Information only approaches.
Being part of the conversation
September 21 2016. Social marketing on road safety needs to encourage young people to join in the conversation about shared road use.
Working towards a stronger safety culture
August 12 2016. Growing New Zealand’s road safety culture includes deeper learning and positive experiences for young people, say professionals.
Towards an inclusive road safety culture for young people
July 16 2016. Fact sheets provide guidance on evidence-based road safety education. Associate Professor Lise Bird Claiborne discusses the potential for young people’s participation.
Find out about two driver education programmes led by the NZ Transport Agency, which align with the findings of the Good Practice in Road Safety fact sheets.
This is the story behind an upcoming mobile website that will help young drivers shift from thinking 'I can pass the test' to "How can I show that I'm a good driver?'.